Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 29, Number 3
TITLE: Prevalence of Anaemia and Haemoglobinopathies in Pregnant Women Living in Bago Region of Myanmar
AUTHOR: Moh Moh Htun, Yin Min Htun, Zayar Chit, Myat Mon Oo, Than Than Swe, Khin Myo Set, Mya Ohn Mar, Hlaing Myat Thu & Theingi Myint
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2017
ABSTRACT: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in randomly selected 478 pregnant women with the age of 18-43 years and 12-40 weeks of gestation living in different villages of Bago Region, Myanmar. The mean Hb concentration was 10.76 g% in pregnant mother with anaemia. Anaemia was detected in 268 pregnant mothers (56%) by using Hemocue test. Red blood cell parameters, blood film examination and iso-electric focusing (IEF) were done on these pregnant women. The most common age group of anaemic subjects was 20-30 years (63.6%). Most of them were dependants (56%) with primary school level of education (38.1%) and their family income was one hundred to two hundred thousand kyats monthly (71.8%). The commonest gestation of pregnancy was more than 24 weeks (68%) and number of family members was mostly less than 5(70.7%). The commonest hemoglobin A type (normal Hb) was detected in 208(77.6%) and other abnormal Hb types (Hb EA, EE and AH) were found in 60 subjects (20.5%, 1.5% and 0.4%, respectively). The mean Hb concentration was 10.28 g% in Hb A, 10.22 g% in Hb EA, 9.27 g% in Hb EE and 8.2 g% in Hb HA in this study. Hb concentration was significantly different in types of hemoglobin variants (p=0.008). There were no significant differences between Hb concentration and gestation of pregnancy (p=0.316), education (p=0.711) and family income (p=0.282). Prevention and proper treatment of anaemia are important requirements to be included in future health planning for reduction of maternal, child mortality and morbidity.
SUBJECT HEADINGS: Anaemia, Haemoglobinopathies, Hemocue test