Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 29, Number 1
TITLE: Effectiveness of Health Education on Knowledge of Groundwater-dependent Rural Residents Regarding Arsenic-contaminated Water at Kyonpyaw Township
AUTHOR: Ohnmar Myint & Nang Htawn Hla
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2017
ABSTRACT: Arsenic contamination of groundwater is one of the naturally occurring problems in Myanmar. This non-equivalent control group study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of health education on the knowledge status of groundwater-dependent rural residents regarding arsenic-contaminated water at Kyonpyaw Township in 2014. Each of 135 adult household members who were continuously living in the study areas at least 7 years for study and control groups were selected by using simple random sampling. Face-to-face interview was done with pretested structured questionnaire for quantitative and in-depth interviewing for qualitative data. This study found that 18.8% from study and 22.5% from control groups did not remember whether their tubewells were tested or not. The qualitative findings highlighted that misunderstandings about arsenic with iron in water was widely acknowledged among the respondents from both groups. Before intervention, most of respondents in both groups had low scores. One month after health education, mean knowledge score of study group was considerably higher than that of control group (29.93±2.62 vs. 14.24±3.42). Independent t-test result showed that there was statistically significant difference in mean knowledge scores between two groups after intervention at p=<0.001. It could be concluded that the increase in knowledge status of study group was likely to be the effect of health education. It was recommended that further research studies should be carried out with larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods to assess the effectiveness of health education.
SUBJECT HEADINGS: Arsenic, Groundwater, Knowledge, Health education