Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 28, Number 3
TITLE: Cardiopulmonary Fitness of Adolescent Students of Institute of Sports and Physical Education, Yangon
AUTHOR: Khin Mi Mi Lay, Han Win, Pyae Phyo Kyaw, Nway Htike Maw, Sandar Win, Khin San Lwin, Htet Htet Lwin, Yi Yi Mon & Kyaw Zin Thant
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2016
ABSTRACT: A cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to determine the cardiopulmonary fitness and to find out the association (relationship) between maximal oxygen uptake and anthropometric parameters of adolescent students at Institute of Sports and Physical Education (ISPE), Yangon. A total of 98 adolescent students (49 boys and 49 girls) with age ranged 14-16 years from ISPE, Yangon participated in this study. Cardiopulmonary fitness was determined by using Bruce protocol. After primary screening, the test was performed by using computerized treadmill at Physiology Laboratory, DMR. The results showed that the boys and girls had no significant difference in age (15.18±0.99 years vs. 15.06±0.77 years) (mean±standard deviation (SD) and body mass index (BMI) (20.30±1.59 kg/m2 vs. 20.42±1.72 kg/m2), boys had significantly higher height (167.21±4.81cm vs. 155.44±4.53 cm, p<0.001) and weight (56.76±5.08 kg vs. 49.24±4.66 kg, p<0.001) than girls. It was observed that boys’ VO2max (53.55±9.02 ml/kg/min for boys vs. 39.79±12.64 ml/kg/min for girls) as well as exercise time (10.61±1.13 minutes vs. 9.45±1.16 minutes) were significantly (p<0.001) greater than those of girls but maximal heart rate (HRmax) exhibited no significant difference in terms of gender (175.81±11.96 beats/minute vs. 174.17±9.59 beats/minute). BMI of boys had weak positive association (r=0.11, p<0.000) to VO2max values and that of girls had weak negative association (r=-0.18, p<0.000) to VO2max values. Thus, the data from this preliminary study will serve as a baseline data for future studies on cardiopulmonary fitness status of physically active adolescent students in Myanmar.
SUBJECT HEADINGS: Cardiopulmonary fitness, VO2max, Adolescent students