Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 28, Number 3
TITLE: Knowledge and Lifestyle Related Perception Regarding Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Diseases among Adolescents at a Private School in Yangon
AUTHOR: Sandar Kyi, Win Lai May, Han Win, Moh Moh Hlaing, Kyu Kyu San, Ni Ni Aye, Tin Htar Lwin, Kaung Ba Hlwar & Phyu Hnin Wai
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2016
ABSTRACT: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at a private school, Lanmadaw Township, Yangon in 2014. A total of 153 students aged 13 to 18 years were recruited to determine the knowledge and lifestyle related perception regarding cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks and to find out the relation to socio-demographic factors. Data were collected using a pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire. Regarding knowledge of CVD risks, 17(11%), 97(63%), 39(26%) students had poor, fair and good knowledge level, respectively. Obesity 112(73%) and family history 96(63%) were graded as top most but diabetes mellitus 53(35%) and males 20(13%) were recognized as the least modifiable and non-modifiable risks for CVD. Respondents’ knowledge was significantly related with father’s education (p<0.05). Of 153 respondents, 89(58%) had neutral perception followed by positive 42(28%) and negative perception 22(14%). Regarding lifestyle related perception, more than half of the respondents agreed that obesity, high cholesterol diet, sedentary lifestyle and alcohol drinking are risk factors for CVD but less than half agreed that smoking, betel chewing with tobacco and high salt intake are risk factors. There were no significant differences between socio-demographic factors and lifestyle related perception. In this study, good knowledge as well as lifestyle related positive perception towards CVD risk factors were unsatisfactory. This study also identified some gaps in knowledge regarding both modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Adolescents centered activities are needed to improve knowledge, perception and to know how lifestyle risk factors impact on the chances of developing CVDs.
SUBJECT HEADINGS: Knowledge, Lifestyle related perception, CVD, Adolescent