Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 28, Number 3
TITLE: Factors Associated with Anaemia in Pregnancy
AUTHOR: Khin Thin Oo, Thet Thet Myint, Kyi Kyi Nyunt & Khin Htar Yi
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2016
ABSTRACT: This cross-sectional analytic study was carried out at antenatal clinic of Central Women's Hospital, Mandalay from February 2012 to January 2013, aiming to study the factors associated with anaemia in pregnancy. By using systematic random sampling method, 300 pregnant women were selected at their antenatal booking visit. Information regarding their sociodemographic and reproductive characteristics, their knowledge, attitude and practice on anaemia in pregnancy and antenatal care were obtained by using structured questionnaire. Their hemoglobin concentration was determined by Cyan-methemoglobin method. The prevalence of anaemia in this study was 55.67%. Among them, 62.28% were mildly anaemic and 37.72% were moderately anaemic. Most of the women (57%) booked in the second trimester while only 3.0% booked in the first trimester. The women’s age, socioeconomic status and reproductive characteristics did not significantly affect the incidence of anaemia in pregnancy. However, regarding their knowledge, attitude and practice on anaemia in pregnancy and antenatal care, the pregnant women with good knowledge, positive attitude and good practice were less likely to develop anaemia than those with poor knowledge, negative attitude and poor practice (p<0.05). The prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy is still high in our country. This could be due to poor health knowledge which can lead to wrong perception and poor health practice. Apart from routine iron and folic acid supplementation, this could be reduced through health education especially to the reproductive women to improve their health knowledge and subsequently to promote their attitude leading to good health practice.
SUBJECT HEADINGS: Anaemia, Pregnancy, Antenatal care