Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 28, Number 1
TITLE: Occupational Health Perception and Practices of Workers in the Environment of Gold Leaf (Shwe Saing) Traditional Industry in Mandalay
AUTHOR: Hteik Tin Cho, Phyu Cin Thandar Tun & Thin Thin
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2016
ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to determine the occupational health perception and practices of gold leaf traditional industry workers in Mandalay. Data were collected using pretested structured questionnaires among 150 res-pondents selected by using simple random sampling. Mean knowledge score was 59.63±16.82 out of total given score of 98 whereas mean attitude of 33.43±5.31 out of total score of 50. Regarding practice, mean score was 19.38±1.98 out of total 40. Although almost all workers (98%) took pride in making Myanmar traditional craft, demographic data showed that 30.7% had experience on occupational hazards or injuries. Moreover, 80.7% reported that they were not accessible to Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in their work. About PPE usage, 82% did not use them but 84 % said that they checked tools before working. About 9.3% of workers had skin rash or dermatitis with kidney disease (2%) and nearly 90% did not have any occupational-related diseases. This study was also found that there were statistically significant associations between knowledge and gender, income, working service, and working hours (p<0.005) and between practice and education, and working hours (p<0.05). In addition, there were significant associations between knowledge and attitude, knowledge and practice and attitude and practice (p<0.005) levels of respondents upon occupational health and prevention of hazards. Findings of this study highlighted the need for provision of effective occupational health educational programs, trainings and administrative supports such as regulations and instructions regarding the prevention of occupational hazards at such work place.
SUBJECT HEADINGS: Occupational health, Knowledge, Attitude, Practices, Personal protective equipment, Occupational hazards