Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal


Archives   2000

Myanmar   Health   Sciences   Research   Journal

Volume   12,  Number   1-3

TITLE:   Antibiotics susceptibility pattern of Vibrio cholerae O1, 0139 Salmonella typhi and Escherichia Coli.
AUTHOR:   Mar Mar Nyein; Wah Wah Aung; Mi Mi Htwe; Tin Ohn; Than Nu Shwe
SOURCE:   Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal. 2000; 12(1-3): 30-35
ABSTRACT:   Bacterial pathogens isolated from clinical specimens were tested for susceptibility pattern to different antibiotics using agar disc diffusion technique. They were Vibrio cholerae 01 (21 cases) and Vibrio cholerae 0139 (136 cases) from diarrhoea cases attending the Infectious Diseases Hospital during 29-7-98 to 29-10-98; Salmonella typhi (38 cases) and Escherichia coil (15 cases) from cases with high fever for more than five days admitted to Yangon Children's' Hospital during 27-8-98 to 17-8-2000. Vibrio cholerae 01 were resistant to ampicillin (50%), chloramphenicol (28.6%), septrin (57.1%), tetracycline (57%); and sensitive to amikacin (85.7%), furazolidone (92.3%), nalidixic acid (73.7%), netilmicin (100%), norfloxacin (92.9%), Vibrio cholerae 0139 were resistant to ampicillin (81.8%), chloramphenicol (34.6%), septrin (43.3%), tetracycline (43.8%); and sensitive to amikacin (90.5%), furazolidone (60.8%), nalidixic acid (74.6%), netilmicin (100%), norfloxacin (81.8%). Salmonella typhi were resistant to ampicillin (76.3%), chloramphenicol (79%), carbenicillin (74%), streptomycin (89.5%), septrin (79%), tetracycline (70.3%); and sensitive to amikacin (92.1%), e,efaclor (54%), ceftriaxone (75%), cephalothin (63.2%), gentamicin (89.5%), nalidixic acid (83.3%), netilmicin (92.1%), norfloxacin (81.6%), Escherichia coil were resistant to ampicillin (66.7%), chloramphenicol (60%), cephalothin (80%), streptomycin (80%), septrin (60%); and sensitive to amikacin (86,7%), gentamicin (57.1%), nalidixic acid (54.5%), netilmicin (73.7%), and norfloxacin (58.3%).
SUBJECT HEADINGS:   Vibrio cholerae. Salmonella typhi. Escherichia Coli.
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