Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 24, Number 3
TITLE: Brucellosis: Seroprevalence and the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) among abattoir workers in Yangon
AUTHOR: Thuzar Myint; Han Win; Wah Wah Aung; Zin Mar Aung; Sandar Kyi. Aye Aye Maw.
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal. 2012; 24(3): 175-180
ABSTRACT: Brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease and an occupational hazard for animal husbandry workers, dairy workers, veterinarians and abattoir workers. A cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out in Ywarthargyi Slaughter House in Yangon from January to August 2011 to determine the seroprevalence of human brucellosis among abattoirs workers and their knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) about brucellosis. Face-to-face interviews concerning KAP about brucellosis and collection of blood samples for detection of brucella IgG by ELISA test kit (Organic, France) were carried out. Of 105 abattoir workers, brucella IgG was detected in 4 (3.8%) and only 18 (17%) were aware of brucellosis. Only 10 (9.5%), 13 (12.4%), and 11 (10.5%) knew that infection could be transmitted by drinking of raw milk, by eating of raw meat, and by contact with infected animal, respectively. Regarding the prevention practices, 71 (67.6%) washed their hands with soap thoroughly before and after contact with animals, but only 7 (6.7%) washed their hands with disinfectant. Practices that predispose individuals at risk of infection were also determined. Fifteen (14.3%) engaged in the habit of eating improperly cooked meat and 21 (20%) in the habit of drinking raw milk. This study could help to increase the physician's awareness to the possible existence of the disease in the high-risk human population. It also highlighted a need to improve knowledge and practices of abattoir workers by proper health education.
SUBJECT HEADINGS: Brucellosis.Knowledge, Attitude And Practice. Abattoir Workers