Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 24, Number 3
TITLE: Learning styles of medical students of different grades of University of Medicine (Magway).
AUTHOR: Win Win Maw; Mya Mya Lwin; Khin Thuzar Htwe; Thet Nwe Oo; Naw Paw Saywa; Khine Sandar Maw
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal. 2012; 24(3): 145-150
ABSTRACT: Students receive information in a variety of modes. Knowledge on the ways they learn and process information will help develop effective instructional strategies and methods which make effective learning. To identify the learning styles of medical students of different grades of University of Medicine (Magway), the VARK questionnaires were administered to a total of 559 medical students; 182 first-year medical students, 196 third-year medical students and 181 final part II medical students in March 2010. Students from all 3 grades utilized multimodal learning style more commonly than a single mode (n=100, 18%). Among them, bimodal learning style was used by most of the students (bimodal - n=189, 41.2%; trimodal - n=147, 32%; all modes - n=123, 26.8%). Reading/writing learning style was found to be the most commonly used modality, followed by auditory learning style, kinesthetic learning style and then visual learning style (R=38, A=32, K=22, V=8) among unimodal preferences. In students with multimodal learning style, reading/writing learning style was found to be commonly used modality followed by auditory learning style, visual learning style and kinesthetic learning style in different combinations. Auditory and visual combination (AV) was the least commonly used mode in both first-year students and third-year students whereas more preference for AV was seen in final part II students. First-year students preferred reading/writing mode to other modes. Third-year students showed equal preference for reading/writing mode and auditory mode whereas final part II students preferred auditory mode to other modes. Learning style changes with age. Changes from reading/writing and kinesthetic modes in first-year students to auditory and visual (AV) in final part II students were seen.
SUBJECT HEADINGS: Learning Styles. Students, Medical