Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal

Archives   2012

Myanmar   Health   Sciences   Research   Journal

Volume   24,  Number   3

TITLE:   Aspicts of hepatitis B virus in Myanmar. (Review Article:)
AUTHOR:   Khin May Oo; Yi Yi Kyaw; Win Maw Tun
SOURCE:   Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal. 2012; 24(3): 123-129
ABSTRACT:   Hepatitis B virus infection is caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV), a double-stranded, enveloped DNA virus of the Hepadna-viridae family that replicates in the liver and causes hepatic dysfunction. Worldwide, there are more than two billion people infected with HBV out of which 350 million individuals are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus.1 Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the major global public health problems and the 10th leading cause of death. HBV related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the 5th most frequent cancer worldwide. HBV is distributed worldwide, but its prevalence varies significantly between different popu-lations of the world. Based on the prevalence of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier rate in the general population, sub-Saharan African, East Asian and Alaskan popu-lations are classified as having high HBV endemicity (HBsAg carriage >8%), while the populations of southern parts of Eastern and Central Europe, the Amazon basin, the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent are classified as intermediate HBV ende-miccity (HBsAg carriage 2-7%), and the populations in western and northern Europe, North America, and Australia are classified as low HBV endemic (HBsAg carriage <2%) regions.2
SUBJECT HEADINGS:   Hepatitis B Virus

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Vision : Achieving a healthier nation through application of research findings          Mission Statement : To Develop and promote solutions to the major health problems of Myanmar