Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 24, Number 2
TITLE: Learning styles of medical students of different genders, University of Medicine (Magway).
AUTHOR: Mya Mya Lwin; Khin Thuzar Htwe; Thet Nwe Oo; Naw Paw Saywa; Khine Sandar Maw; Moe The Phyu
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Services Research Journal. 2012; 24(2): 84-88
ABSTRACT: Learning styles are different approaches or ways of learning that differ among individuals. Some learn through seeing while the others learn through listening, moving, doing and touching. The knowledge of learning styles of the students helps educators to identify and solve learning problems among students that in turn help the students to become more effective learners by adapting classroom methods to best fit each student's learning style. To identify the learning styles of medical students of deferent gender of University of Medicine (Magway), the VARK questionnaires were administered to a total of 559 medical students; 182 first-year medical students, 196 third-year medical students and 181 final part II medical students of University of Medicine (Magway) in March 2010. A total of 315 male and 244 female medical students participated in this study. Both males and females preferred multimodal learning style to unimodal learning style (83.2%, 80.7% vs. 16.8%, 19.3%), respectively. In unimodel style, reading/writing mode (38%, 38%) was the most commonly used mode followed by auditory (28%, 36%) and kinesthetic. Visual mode was found to be least commonly used mode in both male (8%) and female students (9%). More male students (26%) used kinesthetics mode than female students (17%). In contrast, more female students (36%) used auditory mode than male students (28%). Most of the male (39.3%) and female (43.7%) students used bimodal learning style. 29.4% of male students used trimodal style and 31.3% quadrimodal. Of the females who preferred multimodal learning style, 35.5% was trimodal user and 20.8% was quadrimodal. Both male and female students used auditory reading (AR) modes more commonly than other combination. Male students showed more preference on auditory kinesthetics (AK) than female students whereas more female students were in favor of visual auditory (VA) modes than male students. Both male (37.7%) and female students (45.7%) used auditory reading (VAR) modes more commonly than other combinations.
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