Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 24, Number 1
TITLE: Vark learning style of medical students of University of Medicine (Magway).
AUTHOR: Win Win Maw; Mya Mya Lwin; Khin Thuzar Htwe; Thet Nwe Oo; Naw Paw Saywa; Khine Sandar Maw; Moe The Phyu
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal. 2012; 24(1): 14-19
ABSTRACT: Learners are intrinsically different and have different learning styles. To identify the learning styles of medical students of University of Medicine, Magway, the VARK questionnaire were administered to a total of 559 medical students; 182 first year medical students, 196 third year medical students and 181 final part II medical students of University of Medicine, Magway. This study was performed at the Department of Microbiology, University of Medicine, Magway in March 2010. Of the study group (559 medical students of different grades),17.9% (100 students) preferred unimodal learning style and 82.1% (459 students) preferred multimodal learning style. Students from all 3 grades utilized multimodal learning style more commonly than a single mode. Among them, bimodel learning style was used by most of the students (41.2%, n=189) followed by trimodality (32%, n=147). Only 26.8% (123 students) of the 559 medical students of different grades utilized all four senses (VARK). Among unimodal preferences, reading/writing learning style was found to be most commonly used modality followed by auditory learning style, kinesthetic learning style and then visual learning style (R=38, A=32, K=22,V=8). In students with multimodal learning style, reading/writing learning style was found to be commonly used modality followed by auditory learning style, visual learning style and kinesthetic learning style (AR-37%, VR-16.7%, RK-15.5%, VA-11.6%, AK-11.6%, ARK-27.9%, VRK-19.7%, VAK-10.5% and VAR-14.5%) in different combinations. Usage of kinesthetic learning style was slightly higher than that of visual learning style in unimodal learning style. In contrast to it, the usage of visual learning style was slightly higher than kinesthetic learning style among the students with multimodality preference.
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