Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Volume 26, Number 3
TITLE: Reproductive Tract Infections among Pregnant Women Attending the Antenatal Clinic at North Okkalapa General Hospital
AUTHOR: Phyu Win Ei; Mya Thida;Wah Wah Aung; Myo Win;Khin Thant Zin; Aye Nyein San; Thuzar Myint; Nan Aye Thida Oo; Aye Aye Maw
SOURCE: Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal. 2014; 26(3): 166-172
ABSTRACT: Reproductive tract infection (RTI) is a global health problem affecting women that can have major devastating effect on pregnancy and newborn baby. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on pregnant women at antenatal clinic of North Okkalapa General Hospital (NOGH) from February to March, 2012 to detect five selective curable reproductive tract infections: syphilis, gonorrhoea, vaginal candidiasis, trichomonas vaginitis and bacterial vaginosis in pregnant women and to identify the relationship between the underlying socio-dernographic characteristics of the pregnant mother and reproductive tract infection (RTI). Socio-demographic data and data concerned with reproductive tract infections were collected. Two milliliters of venous blood were collected to perform Rapid Plasma Reagin test (RPR) and Treponema Pallidurn Heme Agglutination test (TPHA) for detection of syphilis and urine sample for isolation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and high vaginal swabs for detection of Trichomonas vaginalis by wet mount preparation, Candida albicans by culture and bacterial vaginosis by Nugent's scoring and Amsel's criteria. Out of 216 pregnant women, 146(67.6%) had RTI including syphilis (3.7%). The most prevalent RTI was bacterial vaginosis being 112/216 (51.9%) followed by vaginal candidiasis 551216 (25.5%), trichomonas vaginitis 18/216 (8.3%) and syphilis 81216 (3.70%). No Neisseria gonorrhoeae was isolated. Women with previous history of abortion were significantly associated with presence of RTIs (Chi square=3 .71; df =l; p=0.05). It is anticipated that the findings from this research will provide the necessary information to implement the effective preventive and health educational programmes for control of reproductive tract infection among pregnant mothers.
SUBJECT HEADINGS: Reproductive Tract Infection; Pregnant women