Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal


Archives   2014

Myanmar   Health   Sciences   Research   Journal

Volume   26,  Number   1

TITLE:   Pneumococcal Infection in Children Attending Yangon Children's Hospital
AUTHOR:   Mo Mo Win; Mar Mar Nyein; Mi Mi Htwe; Than Mya; Thin Thin Shwe; Aye Maung Han; Khin Htwe
SOURCE:   Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal. 2014; 26(1): 1-5
ABSTRACT:   Blood samples were collected from ISO children (71 males and 77 females) with pneumonias (110 cases), septicaemia (22 cases) and meningitis (18 cases) attending Yangon Children's Hospital from July 2006 to April 2007: ages ranging from 2 months to 12 years. Seventy (46.6%) out of 150 samples yielded bacterial pathogens by blood culture method. Among them, Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococci) was isolated from 12 cases (17.14%). They were isolated from 7 cases of pneumonia, 3 cases of meningitis and 2 cases or septicaemia. Gentamicin blood agar plate was used for isolation of Streptococcus pneumoniae and for identification, colony recognition and optochin sensitivity test were done. Antibiotic susceptibility test was done by Kirby-Bauer disc agar diffusion method. They were resistant to penicillin (41.6%), gentamicin (41.6%), cotri-moxazolc (3: U %), ciprotloxacin, ampicillin and ccftriaxone (16.6%, each) and amikacin (8.3%). The other pathogens isolated were Haemophilus influenzae (22 isolates), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12 isolates), Staphylococcus aureus (12 isolates), L coli (6 isolates), Klebsiella pneumoniae (4 isolates), and Neisseria meningitidis (2 isolates). This study highlighted the prevalence of Streptococcus pneumoniue and other bacteria pathogens concerning major childhood illnesses.
SUBJECT HEADINGS:   Pneumococcal Infections-child
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Vision : Achieving a healthier nation through application of research findings          Mission Statement : To Develop and promote solutions to the major health problems of Myanmar